Central America and the Trifinio region in particular face major challenges today relating to the law and respect for life, ensure permanent and quality alimentation as well as achieving a lasting peace with social justice. Additionally, specific challenges that could affect territorial development; such as lack of employment opportunities, social inequality, desertification, and food and nutrition insecurity and deteriorating eco systemic services due to the impact of climate change, since it is considered one of the regions most vulnerable to this global phenomenon.
This context becomes complex with the increase in population, which in turn increases the sober person consumption of natural resources and generates more demand for goods and services. To meet these challenges, it is necessary to implement a model of inclusive sustainable development, systemic approach and integrated solutions that facilitate the participation of the main actors of the territory- trinational (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras).
The Trifinio region comprises 7,541 square kilometers consisting of 45 municipalities, with a population of 818.911 inhabitants, representing 2.7% of the total population of the three countries of which almost 70 percent is rural population, where the major focus poverty and lack of opportunities in the three countries. The Human Development Index (HDI) regional average is 0.6111, well below national averages in the three countries. 25% of the population in the region has relatives who have emigrated, and edemas is reported that in 2010 El Salvador had an HDI of 0.659, 0.604 and Honduras of Guatemala of 0.5606. For the other hand, 31% of households lack potable water in their homes; in 24 years a loss of forest cover of about 30% is recorded, corresponding to an annual regional average rate of 2.7 (which in turn represents a loss of 9,050 hectares of forest per year), mainly due to deforestation agricultural expansion and forest degradation by poor management of natural resources and forests.
However, the region has great potential in the agricultural, agro-forestry, tourism field, among others. So at this stage it is to promote rural development with a territorial approach, which makes possible the most effective combat poverty and achieve a more sustainable economic growth in the region.
The deepening of Central American integration and in particular the development of trinational productive corridors identified in the region have the potential to change the map of opportunities for people, fostering appropriate public policies, from the territorial to national level in the three countries; as well as regional, accompanied by technical and financial support of our international cooperation partners present in this territory.
On the other hand, with the recent adoption in 2015 of the new Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development by the United Nations General Assembly, a window of opportunity has been opened for Trifinio region to link its current challenges to the global development agenda, and by doing so, it has created a conducive environment for enabling drivers for development, such as empowering of people and promoting Public-Private Partnerships.
In this context, the active involvement of the Trifinio authorities in El Salvador, the Ministry of Social Inclusion of Guatemala and the Secretary of Infrastructure and Public Services of Honduras, into the initiative promoted by the World Organization of Governance & Competitiveness on the distribution of a donation of Solar Lightbulbs within the three countries for children that has no access to electricity or that live under vulnerable conditions, met the criteria set up by the United Nations to support the Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon's initiative on Energy for All in this region.
In addition, the National Executive Director of the Trifinio Plan El Salvador, Dr. Sergio Bran and the President of the World Organization of Governance & Competitiveness, Mr. Cary Yan has entered into an agreement to establish a Global Network of Governance and Competitiveness, in support of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals on July 25, 2016 in New York.
This agreement provides a substantive basis for a long term strategic partnerships among Trifinio regions and the World Organization of Governance and Competitiveness.